Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (NYSE:BMY) today announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Opdivo (nivolumab) injection for intravenous use for the treatment of adult and pediatric (12 years and older) patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) that has progressed following treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan.2 Approval for this indication has been granted under accelerated approval based on overall response rate (ORR) and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials. The recommended dose is 240 milligrams administered as an intravenous infusion over 60 minutes every two weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.2 In the CheckMate -142 trial, among patients (53/74) who received prior treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan, 28% (95% CI: 17-42; 15/53) responded to treatment with Opdivo. The percentage of patients with a complete response was 1.9% (1/53) and the percentage of patients with a partial response was 26% (14/53). Among these responders, the median duration of response was not reached (range: 2.8+-22.1+ months).2 Among all enrolled patients, 32% (95% CI: 22-44; 24/74) responded to treatment with Opdivo; 2.7% (2/74) experienced a complete response, 30% (22/74) experienced a partial response.2
Opdivo is associated with the following Warnings and Precautions including immune-mediated: pneumonitis, colitis, hepatitis, endocrinopathies, nephritis and renal dysfunction, skin adverse reactions, encephalitis, other adverse reactions; infusion reactions; and embryo-fetal toxicity.2 Please see the Important Safety Information section below.
As part of our commitment to address hard-to-treat cancers, with todays approval, Opdivo provides a new treatment option for these patients who have historically faced a poor prognosis,3,4,5 said Chris Boerner, president, U.S. Commercial, Bristol-Myers Squibb. This approval is one example of how our commitment to translational medicine and investigating predictive biomarkers may help us discover treatment approaches to address different patients unique needs.
Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who have dMMR or MSI-H tumors are less likely to respond to conventional chemotherapy,3,4,5 said Heinz-Josef Lenz, M.D., FACP, J. Terrence Lanni Chair in Gastrointestinal Cancer Research, University of Southern California. While the challenges of treating these patients have been significant, tumors characterized by these biomarkers are immunogenic.3,6 Therefore, advances in immunotherapy research are encouraging in presenting new treatment options for appropriate patients with MSI-H metastatic colorectal cancer.
NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) recommend universal MMR or MSI testing for all patients with a personal history of colon or rectal cancer to inform use of immunotherapy in patients with metastatic disease. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) panel recommends nivolumab (OPDIVO) as a category 2A treatment option in patients with metastatic deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) or microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) colorectal cancer in second- or third-line therapy.7
Approval Based on Notable Tumor Response Rate and Duration of Response
CheckMate -142 is a Phase 2, multicenter, open-label, single-arm study evaluating Opdivo in patients with locally determined dMMR or MSI-H mCRC whose disease had progressed during, after, or were intolerant to, prior treatment with fluoropyrimidine-, oxaliplatin-, or irinotecan-based chemotherapy.1,2 In this study, 74 patients received Opdivo 3 mg/kg administered intravenously every two weeks.2 The recommended dose is 240 mg administered as an intravenous infusion over 60 minutes every two weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.2 Across the 74 patients, 72% received prior treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan.2 Efficacy outcome measures included independent radiographic review committee-assessed confirmed ORR per RECIST 1.1, and duration of response.2 More than half of patients (51%) had a BRAF (16%) or KRAS (35%) mutation.1
In this trial, Opdivo demonstrated an ORR of 28% (95% CI: 17-42; 15/53) in patients who received prior treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan, including a 1.9% complete response rate (1/53) and a 26% partial response rate (14/53). Median duration of response in these patients was not reached (range: 2.8+-22.1+ months).2 Among all enrolled patients, 32% (95% CI: 22-44; 24/74) responded to treatment with Opdivo, including a 2.7% complete response rate (2/74) and a 30% partial response rate (22/74). The median duration of response was not reached (range: 1.4+-26.5+ months).2 Data from CheckMate -142 were published in The Lancet Oncology in July.
As the third most common type of cancer in the United States, our view is that colorectal cancer particularly for those with dMMR or MSI-H metastatic disease has been in need of new research and treatments.8 The approval of Opdivo for appropriate patients with this disease gives the community more hope, said Michael Sapienza, chief executive officer of the Colon Cancer Alliance.
Select Safety Profile
The most common adverse reactions (20%) in patients who received Opdivo as a single agent were fatigue, rash, musculoskeletal pain, pruritus, diarrhea, nausea, asthenia, cough, dyspnea, constipation, decreased appetite, back pain, arthralgia, upper respiratory tract infection, pyrexia.2 Please see additional Important Safety Information below.